Friday, January 10, 2020 (All day)

This is a six week course over the following days...Fridays,in 2020.... 10/01, 14/02, 13/03, 17/04, 08/05, 19/06,

Time: 10.30 for 10.45 start.. The day will end around 15.30.

Venue; Society of Antiquaries,  Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W1J 0BT.

Tutor :Dr Margaret Knight

Cost; £150.  (There are no facilities for coffee)

Odd days may be available at £30 per day. Preference will be given to those who sign up for the whole course.  

Contact: jenny.mulholland@live.com

An amazing variety of art was being made in the 19th century and yet we see so little of it. Exhibitions of work by ‘big names’ lead us to believe that from 1820 the whole century was dominated by artistic developments in France and that anything made elsewhere was somewhat second rate. This misapprehension was further fueled by the fact that so few of the works made in other European states or America have a place in our National galleries. ‘Voices’ will introduce you to the visual arts made in countries struggling to find their identity in a new, sometimes chaotic world by looking to their own ways of life and their own unique landscapes.

Friday 10 January - A Chorus of Voices
In the second half of the 19th century the International Exhibitions had Pavilions of Art in which painters and sculptors from every participating country could exhibit (if their work got past the selection committee) A look at the works selected and the responses to them tells us that the art world of the 19th century was more interested in international ‘voices’ than we might imagine. 
Friday 14 February - Scandinavia.
With very few exceptions 19th century Danish, Norwegian and Swedish art is barely known outside of its home countries and yet by the middle of the century Denmark was producing fine landscape artists and then early Symbolists, Norway too had outstanding landscape and Realist painters and by the end of the century Swedish artists; - some of them women, were gaining international recognition.
Friday 13 March - Italy
Long before the unification of Italy artists who had trained at the traditional Academies in Florence, Rome and Venice were beginning to find new subject matter and new forms of expression, first by exploring the history of Italy before it fragmented under foreign dominance and then by making Realist images of modern life. In the 1860s the Macchiaioli artists, much criticised at the time, revitalised landscape painting and gave birth an extraordinary revival of the arts.  
Friday 17 April - Spain 
There were Spanish artists training in Paris early in the 19th century so French developments were making their way into the country, however they were transformed by local conditions, repressive governments and the Carlist Wars. What emerged were a range of uniquely Spanish visual languages from Realism to Catalan Modernism while at the same time the country was developing it’s own architectural styles. 
Friday 8 May - Germany
In the late 18th century Johann Herder called for the end of the ‘Tyranny of Greece over Germany’, for much of the following 100 years the various states of Germany were following their own artistic paths from the extreme medievalism of the Nazarine group, through the gentle realism of the Biedermeier to landscape paintings that influenced art in America and the demanding art of the Berlin Secession 
Friday 19 June - America 
The first true American school of painting, the Hudson River School appeared in 1820 and from that point the extraordinary landscapes of the the new country and the people living there remained a constant source of inspiration for Realists and Symbolists. City life found its painter in Thomas Eakins and the students who studied under him and formed the so-called Ashcan School at the end of the century.